Subsurface Structure at the InSight Landing Site From Compliance Measurements by Seismic and Meteorological Experiments | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Subsurface Structure at the InSight Landing Site From Compliance Measurements by Seismic and Meteorological Experiments

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Volume 125, p.e2020JE006387 (2020)

URL:

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2020JE006387

Keywords:

compliance, InSight, inversion, regolith, subsurface, Young modulus

Abstract:

<p>Abstract Measurements of ground compliance at the InSight landing site—describing the surface response to pressure loading—are obtained from seismic and meteorological data. Compliance observations show an increase with frequency indicating the presence of a stiffer rock layer beneath the exposed regolith. We performed a Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion to investigate the vertical profile of the elastic parameters down to 20&nbsp;m below InSight. Compliance was inverted both freely and assuming prior knowledge of compaction in the regolith, and the limitations and strengths of the methods were assessed on the basis of theoretical considerations and synthetic tests. The inverted Young modulus exhibits an increase by a factor of 10–100 over the first 10–15&nbsp;m, compatible with a structural discontinuity between 0.7 and 7&nbsp;m. The proposed scheme can be used for joint inversion of other seismic, geological, or mechanical constraints to refine the resulting vertical section.</p>