Alteration of submarine basaltic glass from the Ontong Java Plateau: A STXM and TEM study | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Alteration of submarine basaltic glass from the Ontong Java Plateau: A STXM and TEM study

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 260, Issue 1-2, p.187-200 (2007)

ISBN:

0012-821X

Keywords:

BIOMASS PRODUCTION; MICROBIAL ACTIVITY; VOLCANIC GLASS; LOIHI SEAMOUNT

Abstract:

<p>
Frequent observations of tubular to vermicular microchannels in altered basalt glass have led to increasing appreciation of a possible significant role of microbes in the low-temperature alteration of seafloor basalt. We have examined such microchannel alteration features at the nanoscale in basalt glass shards from the Ontong Java Plateau using a combination of focused ion bearn milling, transmission electron microscopy and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. Three types of materials were found in ultrathin cross-sections cut through the microchannels by FIB milling: fresh basalt glass, amorphous Si-rich rims surrounding the microchannels, and palagonite within the microchannels. X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the C K-edge and Fe L-2,L-3-edges showed the presence of organic carbon in association with carbonates within the microchannels and partial oxidation of iron in palagonite compared with basalt g-lass. Although these observations alone cannot discriminate between a biotic or abiotic origin for the microchannels, they provide new information on their mineralogical and chemical composition and thus better constrain tile physical and chemical conditions prevailing during the alteration process. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.</p>

Notes:

Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.Benzerara, K. Menguy, N. Banerjee, N. R. Tyliszczak, Tolek Brown, G. E., Jr. Guyot, F. 76 ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV