Holocene paleosecular variation from dated lava flows on Maui (Hawaii) | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS


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  Holocene paleosecular variation from dated lava flows on Maui (Hawaii)

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Volume 161, Issue 3-4, p.267-280 (2007)






Low inclination and low secular variation seem to be present for at least the past 5 Myear in central Pacific. The period covering the past 10 kyear is crucial to the study of the field variability and to fill the gap between historical field measurements and long-term paleomagnetic records. We have conducted a paleomagnetic study of 13 sites of basaltic lava flows from Maui island with C-14 ages between 10.3 and 0.2 ka. Two other sites dated at 45 and 730 ka were also sampled. Eight to 10 samples from each site were demagnetized using thermal treatment and companion specimens from the same samples were demagnetized by alternating fields (af). Thermomagnedc and hysteresis measurements indicated that magnetite (575 degrees C) in fine grains was the dominant magnetic carrier, although in many cases we also observed a low-temperature phase which is likely carried by titanomagnefite with low titanium content. The existence of relatively high coercivities associated with these two mineralogical phases generated overlapping components which could not be properly isolated using af demagnetization. Successful results were obtained after thermal demagnetization for 13 sites with a mean inclination of 36.9 +/- 4 degrees. The mean inclination (me. = 36.3 degrees) of the eleven sites younger than 10.5 ka is also very close to the value (37) of the geocentric axial dipole (GAD) at the site latitude, but the angular dispersion of the virtual geomagnetic poles (VGPs) about the spin axis (9 degrees with N= 13 and 6.7 degrees with N= 11) is significantly lower than the predictions of the models of paleosecular variation at this latitude. The inclination variations for the past 10 kyear are in excellent agreement with the very detailed dataset which has previously been obtained from the big island of Hawaii. The mean inclination of all volcanic records (N = 132) is 1.8 degrees lower than expected, but this is likely caused by the lack of records between 5 and 7 ka B.P. We note also that the inclinations from Lake Waiau sediments (big island) are shallower than those of the volcanic records (Mauna Kea, Hawaii) and were thus probably affected by compaction. We infer that there is no striking evidence for an inclination anomaly under Hawaii during this period, being aware of the need for additional records covering at least the 5-7 ka B.P. time interval. The absence of a systematic deviation going beyond the dispersion of the inclinations obtained for the past millions of years neither pleads for a significant long-term persistent anomaly. However, all studies report a low dispersion of the VGPs which must reflect low secular variation. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>


Phys. Earth Planet. Inter.Herrero-Bervera, Emilio Valet, Jean-Pierre 50 ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV