Pre-eruptive crystallization conditions of mafic and silicic magmas at the Plat Pays volcanic complex, Dominica (Lesser Antilles) | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

Twitter

Aller au compte twitter

  Pre-eruptive crystallization conditions of mafic and silicic magmas at the Plat Pays volcanic complex, Dominica (Lesser Antilles)

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 153, Issue 3-4, p.200-220 (2006)

ISBN:

0377-0273

Accession Number:

0002378331-0004

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03770273

Keywords:

Mount-st-helens; soufriere-hills-volcano; experimental-phase-equilibria; storage-conditions; debris-avalanches; pelee-martinique; trace-element; west-indies; island-arc; montserrat-

Abstract:

Andesitic to dacitic magmas of the Plat Pays volcanic complex (Dominica, Lesser Antilles) that erupted during the last similar to 100 ka equilibrated at temperatures of 800-880 degrees C and total pressures of 1.1-2.3 kbar. Magmatic conditions were moderately oxidizing (f(O2) similar to 1.5 +/- 0.3 log units above FMQ) and estimated melt water contents vary from 5.2 to 6.5 wt.%. The crystal-rich nature of the samples, the relatively narrow bulk rock compositional range and the similarity of the intensive crystallization parameters throughout the sample suite are consistent with the presence of a long-lived, highly crystallized magma reservoir. Further crystallization during ascent produced highly evolved rhyolitic glass compositions. The silicic magma reservoir was occasionally invaded by more mafic melts of basaltic andesitic to basaltic composition. These were rarely erupted, but they mixed with the silicic magmas and were frequently incorporated as mafic enclaves. The mafic magmas record temperatures of similar to 1060 degrees C at f(O2) = 1.6-2.0 log units above FMQ. The similarities in mineralogy, petrology and inferred magma storage conditions of the Plat Pays volcanic complex with the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat, and Montagne Pelee, Martinique, can serve as a useful guide for forecasting and evaluation of possible future eruptions. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Notes:

J. volcanol. geotherm. res.Inst Phys Globe, Equipe Volcanol, F-75005 Paris, France; CNRS, F-75005 Paris, France; CE Saclay, Grp Sci terre, Lab Pierre Sue, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, FranceArticleEnglish