Quantification and isotopic analysis of nitrogen in rocks at the ppm level using sealed tube combustion technique: A prelude to the study of altered oceanic crust | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Quantification and isotopic analysis of nitrogen in rocks at the ppm level using sealed tube combustion technique: A prelude to the study of altered oceanic crust

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Chemical Geology, Volume 223, Issue 4, p.249-258 (2005)

ISBN:

0009-2541

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com

Keywords:

ORGANIC-MATTER; AMMONIUM; RECORD; CONVECTION

Abstract:

The present paper reports recent improvements in sealed tube combustion technique used for the determination of N isotopic composition in various rocks characterized by low N contents (i.e. few ppm). Nitrogen is extracted from samples by combustion in quartz tubes sealed under vacuum. The nitrogen gas purified using Cu, CuO and CaO, is quantified as dinitrogen N-2 by capacitance manometry in ultra-high vacuum title. Nitrogen isotopic analysis is performed oil a triple-col lector static vacuum mass spectrometer, allowing measurement of nanomole quantity of N-2. Nitrogen amount and isotopic composition of the analytical blanks are low and describe Gaussian distribution with mean values of 0.65 +/- 0.30 nmol N and -3.7 parts per thousand +/- 2.7 parts per thousand, respectively (2 sigma). Systematic analyses of international and internal standards demonstrate that this technique provides accurate and precise results. The precision on N content and isotopic composition are better than +/- 8% and +/- 0.5 parts per thousand respectively, even for samples containing less than 2 ppm on N content and isotopic composition are better than 8% and 0.5 parts per thousand respectively, even for samples containing less than 2 ppm on N. The sealed tube combustion technique is shown to apply successfully to rocks of various lithologies such as metagabbros, metaperidotites and altered basalts. It is thus Suitable for studying oceanic crust in a perspective to better constrain N exchanges between Earth mantle and surface reservoirs. The investigation can also be extended to analysis of small size samples, particularly when little sample exists and when high spatial resolution is required. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Notes:

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