Seismic anisotropy can provide fundamental information on past and present-day deformation processes in the upper mantle. Using Rayleigh and Love waves recorded by land and seafloor broadband seismometers, we analyzed the isotropic and anisotropic shear-wave velocity structures in the northern Philippine Sea region. We found that the fast directions of azimuthal anisotropy are parallel to the directions of ancient seafloor spreading in the lithosphere of the Shikoku and West Philippine Basins and Pacific Ocean, whereas they are parallel to the direction of the present-day absolute plate motion (APM) in the asthenosphere of the Shikoku Basin, and oblique to the direction of the APM in the Pacific Ocean (by similar to 30 degrees) and in the northern part of the West Philippine Basin (by similar to 55 degrees). In the subduction zones around the Philippine Sea plate, the fast direction of azimuthal anisotropy is trench-parallel in the Ryukyu arc, and oriented NW-SE in the Izu-Ogasawara island arc. The Philippine Sea plate, which is a single plate, shows very large lateral variations in azimuthal and radial anisotropies compared with the Pacific plate. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Isse, Takehi Shiobara, Hajime Montagner, J. -P. Sugioka, Hiroko Ito, Aki Shito, Azusa Kanazawa, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Kazunori Sp. Iss. SI