Anomalies of noble gases and self-potential associated with fractures and fluid dynamics in a horizontal borehole, Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Anomalies of noble gases and self-potential associated with fractures and fluid dynamics in a horizontal borehole, Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Engineering Geology, Volume 156, p.46-57 (2013)

ISBN:

0013-7952

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013795213000306

Mots-clés:

UMR 7154 ; Dynamique des fluides géologiques ; Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory; Excavation Damaged Zone; Noble gases; Self-potential; Opalinus clay

Résumé:

Before the excavation of the new gallery Ga08 in the Mont Terri Underground Rock Laboratory (Switzerland), which joined the existing gallery Ga04 in 2008, the end-face of gallery Ga04 was instrumented in 2007 to characterize the evolution of the rock mass with geochemical and geophysical methods. The noble gas content of a 12-m long horizontal borehole evidenced that desaturation processes occurred in the first 2 m, where pre-existing fractures accommodated the stress change during excavation of gallery Ga04 four years before. These first 2 m are associated with the so-called Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ). As an inflow of pore water was observed in this borehole few weeks after its drilling, continuous self-potential (SP) measurements were performed to characterize its dynamics. After the drilling of new sub-horizontal boreholes in the end-face, strong localized variations of SP occurred. The comparison with the geological features of the rock mass suggests that these dynamic anomalies have to be associated with fluid circulation in pre-existing tectonic fractures that were primarily reactivated by the excavation of the gallery Ga04 and subsequently by the drilling operations.

Notes:

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