Flow rule, self-channelization, and levees in unconfined granular flows - art. no. 158303 | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Flow rule, self-channelization, and levees in unconfined granular flows - art. no. 158303

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Physical Review Letters, Volume 9715, Ticket 15, p.281-284 (2006)

Mots-clés:

Rough-inclined-planes

Résumé:

<p>Unconfined granular flows along an inclined plane are investigated experimentally. During a long transient, the flow gets confined by quasistatic banks but still spreads laterally towards a well-defined asymptotic state following a nontrivial process. Far enough from the banks a scaling for the depth averaged velocity is obtained, which extends the one obtained for homogeneous steady flows. Close to jamming it exhibits a crossover towards a nonlocal rheology. We show that the levees, commonly observed along the sides of the deposit upon interruption of the flow, disappear for long flow durations. We demonstrate that the morphology of the deposit builds up during the flow, in the form of an underlying static layer, which can be deduced from surface velocity profiles, by imposing the same flow rule everywhere in the flow.</p>

Notes:

Inst Phys Globe, F-75252 Paris 05, France; CEA Saclay, SPEC, URA2464, Gif Sur Yvette, France; Lab Phys & Mecan Milieux Heterogenes, F-75005 Paris, FranceArticleEnglish