Interpretation and integrated along a volcanic rifted margin: Deep structures and breakup processes along the Vøring margin (Norway). | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Interpretation and integrated along a volcanic rifted margin: Deep structures and breakup processes along the Vøring margin (Norway).

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Tectonophysics, Volume 412, Ticket 3-4, p.255-278 (2006)

ISBN:

0040-1951

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/

Mots-clés:

Géosciences marines, UMR 7096

Résumé:

<p>High P-wave velocities (7.1–7.8 km/s) lower crustal bodies (LCBs) imaged along volcanic margins are commonly interpreted as plume and breakup-related thick mafic underplating. This interpretation is partly challenged in this paper based on new seismic observations and modelling of the outer Vøring Basin (Norway). An exceptional strong amplitude reflection, the T Reflection, is particularly well defined below the North Gjallar Ridge (NGR) between 7and 8 s TWT. The T Reflection is located near the volcanic lava flows emplaced during the NE Atlantic breakup (not, vert, similar 55–54 Ma ago) and coincides with the top of the LCB, forming a mid-crustal dome. Based on structural and temporal relationships, we show that the dome clearly influences the structural development of the NGR and predates the continental breakup at least by 10–15 Ma. Using a thermo-kinematical model, we tried also to investigate and quantify the relationships between the extension, LCB and the magmatic production. Modelling suggests that significant Paleocene–Early Eocene magmatism can be produced without any temperature anomaly in the mantle if differential stretching occurs during the breakup initiation. The conclusion of 2D thermo-kinematical parametric analysis is that the magmatic model predicts, either little extension (β &lt; 2) with no melting or high extension (β &gt; 5) with significant melting along the outer Vøring Basin. We suggest that the continental part of the LCB could not necessarily be breakup-related and so magmatic, as has often been stated previously. It is concluded here that the continental part of the LCB observed beneath the outer Vøring Basin may be partly (or fully) attributed to inherited, high-pressure granulite/eclogite lower crustal rocks. The real amount of mafic material emplaced along the outer Vøring Basin could be 20–40% less than thought.</p>