Ultra-rapid formation of large volumes of evolved magma | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS


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  Ultra-rapid formation of large volumes of evolved magma

Type de publication:

Journal Article


Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 250, Ticket 1-2, p.38-52 (2006)






Sierra-nevada-batholith; soufriere-hills-volcano; long-residence-times; fish-canyon-magma; crystal-growth; thermal-evolution; precaldera-lavas; melt-generation; isotopic-record; rhyolitic-magma


<p>We discuss evidence for, and evaluate the consequences of, the growth of magma reservoirs by small increments of thin (similar or equal to 1-2 m) sills. For such thin units, cooling proceeds faster than the nucleation and growth of crystals, which only allows a small amount of crystallization and leads to the formation of large quantities of glass. The heat balance equation for kinetic-controlled crystallization is solved numerically for a range of sill thicknesses, magma injection rates and crustal emplacement depths. Successive injections lead to the accumulation of poorly crystallized chilled magma with the proper-ties of a solid. Temperatures increase gradually with each injection until they become large enough to allow a late phase of crystal nucleation and growth. Crystallization and latent heat release work in a positive feedback loop, leading to catastrophic heating of the magma pile, typically by 200 degrees C in a few decades. Large volumes of evolved melt are made available in a short time. The time for the catastrophic heating event varies as Q(-2), where Q is the average magma injection rate, and takes values in a range of 10(5)-10(6) yr for typical geological magma production rates. With this mechanism, storage of large quantities of magma beneath an active volcanic center may escape detection by seismic methods. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>


Inst Phys Globe, Paris, FranceArticleEnglish