We use 36Cl surface exposure dating to determine the slip release pattern over the last ~ 15 kyr for the Velino–Magnola fault, a major active normal fault in Central Italy. We sampled the fault at five well-separated sites along its length, and modeled the 36Cl concentrations measured in the 376 samples. We find that the fault broke in at least 9 large earthquakes that occurred in two 5–6 ka-long supercycles. Each cycle included a 4–5 ka-long phase of relative quiescence, followed by a cluster of at least 3 large earthquakes or earthquake sequences that released most of the accumulated strain in ~ 1 ka. All 9 identified events broke the entire fault and produced maximum surface slips of 2–3 m. Though the Velino–Magnola fault seems presently in a stage of relative quiescence, it may re-enter a phase of paroxysmal seismic activity in a few hundred of years.
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