Kinetics and mechanisms of iron redox reactions in silicate melts: The effects of temperature and alkali cations | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Kinetics and mechanisms of iron redox reactions in silicate melts: The effects of temperature and alkali cations

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 72, Ticket 8, p.2157-2168 (2008)

ISBN:

0016-7037

Numéro d'accès:

WOS:000255116700013

Mots-clés:

Géochimie et cosmochimie, UMR 7154

Résumé:

The kinetics and the mechanisms of iron redox reactions in molten Fe-bearing pyroxene compositions have been investigated by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) experiments at the iron K-edge. The former experiments have been made only near the glass transition whereas the latter have also been performed from about 1300 to 2100 K. The same kinetics are observed with both techniques. They are described by characteristic times that depend primarily on temperature and not on the initial redox state. At high temperatures, where both kinds of reactions could be investigated, these times are similar for oxidation and reduction. From these characteristic times we have calculated as a function of temperature and composition a parameter termed effective redox diffusivity. For a given melt, the diffusivities follow two distinct Arrhenius laws, which indicate that the mechanisms of the redox reaction are not the same near the glass transition and at high temperatures. As is now well established, diffusion of divalent cations is the dominant mechanism at low temperatures but the enhanced kinetics observed for alkali-bearing melts indicate that Li+ and Na+ also participate in ionic transport. At superliquidus temperatures, in contrast, diffusion of oxygen represents the dominant mechanism. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.