Colloids and suspended particulate matters influence on Ni availability in surface waters of impacted ultramafic systems in Brazil | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Colloids and suspended particulate matters influence on Ni availability in surface waters of impacted ultramafic systems in Brazil

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 435, p.36-47 (2013)

ISBN:

0927-7757

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927775713001544

Mots-clés:

UMR 7154 ; Géochimie des eaux ; Ni availability; Isotopic exchange kinetic; Surface water; Ultramafic system; Goehtite; Phyllosilicate; Anthropogenic spherical particles; Metallurgy

Résumé:

<p>The overall objective of this work was to assess the modification of Ni availability and lability consequently to anthropic activity. Surface waters were collected in two ultramafic complexes (Barro Alto and Niquelândia) from Goías State (Brazil) impacted by mining and metallurgical activities. For the nearly first time, Isotopic Exchange Kinetic technique (IEK) was performed on these natural water samples to quantify the pool of isotopically exchangeable Ni from the suspended particulate matter (SPM) in water, defined here as View the MathML source. The SPM mineralogy was investigated by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy (SEM and TEM). This allowed to establish the link between Ni availability and its solid speciation. Goethite, chlorite, talc and serpentine were identified as the main Ni bearing phases in SPM far from metallurgy (Barro Alto site) while in samples located in the area influenced by metallurgy (Niquelândia) Ni was mainly associated to spherical micrometric particles, related to fly ash produced by the ore combustion. In Niquelândia samples View the MathML source value was found ranging between 2.4 and 565 μg L−1, while in Barro Alto View the MathML source was 62 μg L−1, which corresponds to ENi values of 49,000 and 2350 mg kg−1, in SPM from Niquelândia and Barro Alto, respectively. Moreover, IEK experiments highlighted differences in kinetic of Ni exchanges: the maximum View the MathML source value was reached after only 19 hours of interaction in Barro Alto sample, while in Niquelândia ones View the MathML source hardly reached 70 to 95% of the maximum after the same period of time. On the one hand, both the low proportion and high velocity of Ni exchanges observed in Barro Alto sample may be attributed to surface complexation on talc, serpentine, chlorite and goethite. On the other hand, both the higher proportion of exchangeable stock and slower isotopic exchanges should be mostly attributed in Niquelândia samples to Ni interaction with the anthropogenic spherical and porous particles of Fe-Mg-Si-Al composition, related to FBA released by metallurgic activity.</p>

Notes:

Times Cited: 0 Si 7th International Conference on Interfaces Against Pollution (IAP) Jun 11-14, 2012 Nancy, FRANCE Lab Interdisciplinaire Environm Continentaux 0