Evaluation on chemical stability of lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Evaluation on chemical stability of lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 180, p.310 - 323 (2016)

ISBN:

0301-4797

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479716303012

Mots-clés:

Atmospheres, Kinetic leaching, pH dependent, Secondary precipitates, SLAG, WEATHERING

Résumé:

<p>AbstractThe leaching behavior of Pb and Zn from lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags sampled in the North of France was studied as a function of pHs and under two atmospheres (open air and nitrogen). The leaching of major elements from the slags was monitored as a function of pH (4, 5.5, 7, 8.5 and 10) under both atmospheres for different slag-water interaction times (1&nbsp;day and 9 days). The leaching results were coupled with a geochemical model; Visual MINTEQ version 3.0, and a detailed morphological and mineralogical analysis was performed on the leached slags by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Significant amounts of Ca, Fe and Zn were released under acidic conditions (pH 4) with a decrease towards the neutral to alkaline conditions (pH 7 and 10) for both LBF and ISF slags. On the other hand, Fe leachability was limited at neutral to alkaline pH for both slags. The concentrations of all elements increased gradually after 216&nbsp;h compared to initial 24&nbsp;h of leaching period. The presence of oxygen under open-air atmosphere not only enhanced oxidative weathering but also encouraged formation of secondary oxide and carbonate phases. Formation of carbonates and clay minerals was suggested by Visual MINTEQ which was further confirmed by SEM &amp; TEM. The hydration and partial dissolution of hardystonite, as well as the destabilization of amorphous glassy matrix mainly contributed to the release of major elements, whereas the spinel related oxides were resistant against pH changes and atmospheres within the time frame concerned for both LBF and ISF slags. The total amount of Pb leached out at pH 7 under both atmospheres suggested that both LBF and ISF slags are prone to weathering even at neutral environmental conditions.</p>