Exopolysaccharides protect Synechocystis against the deleterious effects of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles in natural and artificial waters | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Exopolysaccharides protect Synechocystis against the deleterious effects of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles in natural and artificial waters

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 405, p.35-43 (2013)

ISBN:

0021-9797

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021979713005006

Mots-clés:

UMR 7154 ; Géobiosphère actuelle et primitive ; Géochimie des eaux ; TiO2 nanoparticles; Cyanobacteria; Exopolysaccharides; Reactive Oxygen Species; Toxicity

Résumé:

<p>We have studied the effect of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) on the model cyanobacteria Synechocystis PCC6803. We used well-characterized NPs suspensions in artificial and natural (Seine River, France) waters. We report that NPs trigger direct (cell killing) and indirect (cell sedimentation precluding the capture of light, which is crucial to photosynthesis) deleterious effects. Both toxic effects increase with NPs concentration and are exacerbated by the presence of UVAs that increase the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (hydroxyl and superoxide radicals) by TiO2 NPs. Furthermore, we compared the responses of the wild-type strain of Synechocystis, which possesses abundant exopolysaccharides surrounding the cells, to that of an EPS-depleted mutant. We show, for the first time, that the exopolysaccharides play a crucial role in Synechocystis protection against cell killing caused by TiO2 NPs.</p>

Notes:

Times Cited: 0 CASSIER-CHAUVAT, Corinne/E-7505-2010; Chauvat, Franck/E-7394-2010 0