The hemispheric dichotomy in the crustal magnetic field of Mars may indicate that the planet's past dynamo was influenced by a degree-1 heterogeneity on the outer boundary of its liquid metallic convecting core. Here we use numerical dynamos driven by purely volumetric internal heating with imposed degree-1 heat flux heterogeneities to study mantle control on the past dynamo of Mars. We quantify both south-north and east-west magnetic field dichotomies from time-average properties that are calculated according to two different end member crust formation scenarios. Our results indicate that a moderate heat flux anomaly may have been sufficient for obtaining the observed dichotomy. Because of the excitation of a strong equatorial upwelling in the dynamo, the efficiency of a mantle heterogeneity centered at the geographical pole in producing a south-north dichotomy is much higher than that of an heterogeneity centered at the equator in producing an east-west dichotomy. These results argue against a significant True Polar Wander event with major planet re-orientation after the cessation of the dynamo. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Amit, Hagay Christensen, Ulrich R. Langlais, Benoit