The interior of Mars is today poorly known, in contrast to the Earth interior and, to a lesser extent, to the Moon interior, for which seismic data have been used for the determination of the interior structure. This is one of the strongest facts motivating the deployment on Mars of a network of very broad band seismometers, in the framework of the 2007 CNES-NASA joint mission. These seismometers will be carried by the Netlanders, a set of 4 landers developed by a European consortium, and are expected to land in mid-2008. Despite a low mass, the seismometers will have a sensitivity comparable to the present Very Broad Band Earth sensors, i.e. better than the past Apollo Lunar seismometers. They will record the full range of seismic and gravity signals, from the expected quakes induced by the thermoelastic cooling of the lithosphere, to the possible permanent excitation of the normal modes and tidal gravity perturbations. All these seismic signals will be able to constrain the structure of Mars ' mantle and its discontinuities, as well as the state and size of the Martian core, shortly after for the centennial of the discovery of the Earth core by Oldham (Quart. J. Geol, Sec. 62(1906) 356-475).(C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Planet Space Sci.62