Use of B isotopes as a tracer of anthropogenic emissions in the atmosphere of Paris, France | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  Use of B isotopes as a tracer of anthropogenic emissions in the atmosphere of Paris, France

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Applied Geochemistry, Volume 24, Ticket 5, p.810-820 (2009)

ISBN:

0883-2927

Numéro d'accès:

WOS:000266220900007

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883292709000249

Mots-clés:

UMR 7154 ; Géochimie et Cosmochimie ; N° de contribution : 2443

Résumé:

In order to test the potential of B isotopes as a tracer of contamination of the atmosphere, the B isotopic composition of rainwater samples monitored over a year in the centre of Paris, France were determined. Boron concentrations range from 19 nmol/L to 500 nmol/L and delta B-11 range from 0 parts per thousand to +38 parts per thousand. Mean annual values are 148 nmol/L and +25 parts per thousand, respectively. The results suggest that variability in B isotopic compositions is mainly caused by mixing of two main sources, although isotopic fractionation during the evaporation-condensation processes may also be important. One source is a marine component, which exhibits a heavy B isotopic composition. The decrease of delta B-11 in rainwater with increasing NO3/B and SO4/B molar ratios suggests that a second source may be anthropogenic emissions. To constrain this end-member. B was determined in urban particulates, which were enriched in the light isotope and the lowest values were consistent with a B-rich fossil fuel composition. These results confirm the great sensitivity of B to anthropogenic sources and the ability of B isotopic ratios to decipher the origin of B in the atmosphere. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.