An X-ray absorption study of the dissolution of siderite at 300 bar between 50 degrees C and 100 degrees C | INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS

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  An X-ray absorption study of the dissolution of siderite at 300 bar between 50 degrees C and 100 degrees C

Type de publication:

Journal Article

Source:

Chemical Geology, Volume 259, Ticket 1-2, p.8-16 (2009)

ISBN:

0009-2541

Numéro d'accès:

WOS:000264252700003

URL:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009254108003835

Mots-clés:

UMR 7154 ; Physico-chimie des Fluides Géologiques ; Minéralogie ; N° de contribution : 2425 ; Siderite; Dissolution rate; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; Iron speciation; Hydrothermal fluids; CO2 sequestration

Résumé:

Dissolution of siderite has been monitored in a small size batch reactor at a constant pressure of 300 bar and temperatures of 50 degrees C, 75 degrees C, and 100 degrees C, in acidic conditions. The technique, based on X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements, allows simultaneous measurements of aqueous iron concentration and speciation as a function of time under in situ high pressure and high temperature conditions. Far from equilibrium, dissolution can be described by r(+) = k(H+) a(H+) where a(H+) stands for aqueous proton activity and k(H+) is the dissolution rate constant normalized to geometric surface area. The values of the rate constant obtained in this study are 4.5 x 10(-9) mol cm(-2) s(-1), 4 x 10(-8) mol cm(-2) s(-1), and 1.7 x 10(-7) mol cm(-2) s(-1), at 50 degrees C, 75 degrees C, and 100 degrees C, respectively. The corresponding activation energy, Delta E = 73 kJ mol(-1), suggests a dissolution process controlled by chemical reaction, i.e., proton adsorption at the siderite surface. A NaCl molality of 1 mol kg(-1) is shown to strongly slow down the dissolution process. Speciation of Fe2+ in solution is dominated by hexahydrated octahedral species with some significant contribution (about 25%) of the chlorinated species only in I mol kg(-1) NaCl, in good agreement with recorded X-ray absorption spectra. No Fe3+ was detected. These results are found to be consistent with those obtained in previous siderite dissolution studies carried out under constant chemical affinity using the rotating disc technique. This agreement opens up interesting perspectives for retrieving, from batch micro-reactor experiments, kinetic parameters which are essential for the modelling of fluid-rock interactions in storage conditions. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.