Rock magnetism is used here to investigate the genesis of one of the puzzling negative carbon isotopic excursions of the Neoproterozoic in the Yangtze platform (South China). A detailed characterization of the magnetic mineralogy, which includes low-temperature and high-field magnetometry and classical magnetic measurement (ARM, IRM, susceptibility), was therefore performed along upper Doushantuo and lower Dengying Formations outcropping in the Yangjiaping section. The derived magnetic parameters show variations that can be interpreted as variations in magnetic grains size and in oxide contents. They show that the magnetic content is significantly reduced in samples presenting negative δ13Ccalcite values. We interpret this as a result of magnetite dissolution and secondary carbonate precipitation during early diagenesis bacterial sulfate reduction.