Studies of Impact Cratering on the Moon from LOLA Topography and GRAIL Gravity Observations
IPGP - Îlot Cuvier
Séminaires Planétologie et Sciences Spatiales
Maria T. Zuber
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Impact bombardment is the primary process that shaped the surfaces of solid planetary bodies during earliest evolution. Observations of the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA), an instrument on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, has collected over 5 billion measurements of lunar topography representing the most accurate global topography model for any planet. The observations enable significant advances in analyses of relative ages and degradation state of planetary surfaces, as well as the role of major impacts in the planetary energy budget. Topography combined with high-resolution gravity measurements from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission are providing unprecedented information on the role of impacts on shaping the lunar crust.