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Zinc isotopic fractionation in Phragmites australis in response to toxic levels of zinc


IPGP - Îlot Cuvier


Séminaires Géochimie

Salle 310

Dominik Weiss

Open University-London

Stable isotope signatures of Zn have shown great promise in elucidating changes in uptake and translocation mechanisms of this metal in plants during environmental changes. Here this potential was tested by investigating the effect of high Zn concentrations on the isotopic fractionation patterns of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Plants were grown for 40 d in a nutritive solution containing 3.2 mM (sufficient) or 2 mM (toxic) Zn. The Zn isotopic composition of roots, rhizomes, shoots, and leaves was analysed. Stems and leaves were sampled at different heights to evaluate the effect of long-distance transport on Zn fractionation. During Zn sufficiency, roots, rhizomes, and shoots were isotopically heavy (d66ZnJMC Lyon1/40.2&) while the youngest leaves were isotopically light (–0.5&). During Zn excess, roots were still isotopically heavier (d66Zn1/40.5&) and the rest of the plant was isotopically light (up to –0.5&). The enrichment of heavy isotopes at the roots was attributed to Zn uptake mediated by transporter proteins under Zn-sufficient conditions and to chelation and compartmentation in Zn excess. The isotopically lighter Zn in shoots and leaves is consistent with long-distance root to shoot transport. The tolerance response of P. australis increased the range of Zn fractionation within the plant and with respect to the environment