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Critical Zone Hydrobiogeochemistry: Linking Structure and Dynamics


IPGP - Îlot Cuvier


Séminaires thème Système Terre

Salle 310

Jon Chorover

University of Arizona

Our team investigates links between CZ structure and function at several water-limited sites in the southwestern U.S., including rhyolitic sites in the Jemez Mountains (NM, USA) and granite or schist sites in the Catalina Mountains (AZ, USA). Using sensor/sampler network arrays, we documented couplings between seasonal variation in water/energy availability and ecosystem processes (net ecosystem exchange of water and carbon). These seasonal and event-based dynamics of land-atmosphere exchange are transmitted into the CZ and reflected in patterns of behavior in subsurface hydrology and biogeochemistry. Such behaviors, associated with the routing of water and the location or timing of chemical reactions (e.g., redox, adsorption-desorption, or mineral transformation), have been correlated with structural (geochemical and physical) patterns (obtained using a variety of methods) imprinted in regolith across scale. Subsurface biogeochemical transformations are linked to structure evolution of the CZ, with feedbacks to routing of water and weathering products. The evolution of subsurface porosity exerts control over saturation-dependent shifts in hydrologic flow paths and associated geochemical reactions at the catchment scale – changes that are reflected in the concentration-discharge behavior of surface water effluents.